Section A: Foundation and Basic Commitments
Policy Title: Non-Discrimination
Policy Code: AC
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Tucson Unified School District is committed to a policy of nondiscrimination based on disability, race, color, religion/religious beliefs, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, age, or national origin. This policy will prevail in all matters concerning Governing Board, District employees, students, the public, educational programs and services, and individuals with whom the Board does business.
Discrimination and retaliation prohibited
Discrimination based on disability, race, color, religion/religious beliefs, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, age, or national origin, as well as retaliation for opposition to such discrimination, is prohibited by one or more of the following federal and state laws: Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Educational Amendments Act of 1972, Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Age Discrimination in Employment Act, and the Arizona Civil Rights Act, and by this policy.
Coercion, intimidation, threats, harassment, interference prohibited
In addition to the protections against discrimination and retaliation, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits coercion, intimidation, threats, harassment, or interference in the exercise of an individual’s ADA rights or the encouragement of others’ exercise of rights granted by the ADA.
It shall be a violation of this policy for any Tucson Unified School District employee, student, or member of the public while on District property or on official District business to discriminate or retaliate or engage in conduct or communication which would constitute discrimination or retaliation, as defined below.
A single incident may result in a violation of this policy.
- "Discrimination" includes disparate treatment based on legally identified factors unrelated to their ability or potential, such as race, color, gender, religion, ancestry, national origin, marital status, age, disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity.
- Discrimination as prohibited by this policy includes expression or conduct that denigrates or shows hostility or aversion toward an individual because of his or her race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, age, national origin or disability, or that of his or her peers, family members, co-workers or associates, and which expression or conduct results in differential treatment because of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, age, national origin or disability, or has the purpose or effect of creating a hostile, intimidating or offensive employment or educational environment.
- "Discrimination" also includes epithets, slurs, jokes, negative stereotyping, or threatening, derogatory, intimidating or hostile acts that relate to race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, age, national origin or disability, and, written or graphic material that denigrates or shows hostility or aversion toward an individual or group because of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, age, national origin or disability.
- "Retaliation" includes adverse action against a covered individual because the individual (or closely-associated individual) engaged in protected activity.
- "Adverse action" includes any action that is likely to keep a reasonable person from engaging in protected activity, including but not limited to termination, denial of promotion, threats, unjustified negative references or evaluations, undesirable transfer, or severe harassment.
- "Protected activity" includes (1) reasonable opposition to a practice believed to violate anti-discrimination laws on behalf of oneself or others; (2) participation in a discrimination complaint proceeding, such as cooperating with an internal investigation of alleged discriminatory practices or acting as a witness in an investigation by an outside agency or in litigation; and (3) the asserting of one’s rights, such as requests for reasonable accommodation based on religion or disability. Additionally, the Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits retaliation because of opposition to any acts made unlawful by the ADA, including discrimination by state and local government employers, or failure to provide accommodations.
Individuals who believe they have been discriminated and/or retaliated against in violation of this policy shall immediately report the conduct according to the following
procedures so that the complaint can be addressed fairly and quickly. The individual may make a complaint to any of the following individuals:
- The individual's immediate supervisor
- The individual's site/department administrator, or
- The EEO Compliance Officer.
The District will use the following complaint procedures for conducting a fair and impartial investigation of the retaliation complaint as outlined in regulation AC-R. The investigation will be conducted in as confidential manner as possible.
If the investigation concludes that a violation of this policy has occurred, the District is committed to taking effective remedial action designed to end the violation(s) and prevent future ones. A substantiated charge of discrimination, retaliation, coercion, intimidation, threat, harassment or interference with ADA rights against an individual shall subject the individual to discipline or sanctions as follows:
- If the person alleged to have violated this policy is a staff member, possible discipline includes, but is not limited to, letters of reprimand, reassignment, and other disciplinary actions including suspension or job termination.
- If the person alleged to have violated this policy is a student, possible discipline includes detention, suspension or expulsion, consistent with the Guidelines for Student Rights and Responsibilities.
- If the person alleged to have violated this policy is a member of the general public, sanctions consistent with Policy Code KFA – Public Conduct on School Property shall be imposed.
The Superintendent shall establish procedures to ensure monitoring and compliance with this policy.
Adopted: May 25, 1995
Revised: October 10, 2000
Revised: February 10, 2004
Revised: October 5, 2004 [in new policy format]
Revised: April 10, 2007
Revised: May 17, 2011 [Typographical error corrected 6-23-11]
Revised: September 27, 2011
Revised: January 17, 2013 [Cross Reference Correction Only]
Revised: March 25, 2014
Reviewed: July 13, 2018
Legal Ref: A.R.S. 23-341 Equal wage rates; variations; penalties; enforcement
41-1463 Discrimination; unlawful practices; definition
20 U.S.C. 1400 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
20 U.S.C. 1681 Education Amendments of 1972, Title IX
20 U.S.C. 1703 Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972
29 U.S.C. 794 Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Section 504
42 U.S.C. 2000 Civil Rights Act of 1964, Titles VI and VII
42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq. Americans with Disabilities Act
Arizona Constitution, Ordinance Art. XX, Par. Seventh
Cross Ref: ACA - Sexual Harassment
GBA – Equal Employment Opportunity
IHBA – Education of Section 504 Disabled Students
JB - Equal Educational Opportunities